In a major twist in the Badaun rape and murder case, the statements of the five arrested accused claiming innocence have been found to be correct in the psychological tests conducted by forensic experts.
CBI has received the reports of the Central Forensic Science Laboratory, which conducted three important tests -- forensic psychological assessment, forensic statement analysis and polygraph (lie-detector) test.
Sources said these tests were done to check the authenticity of the statements given by the five accused -- Pappu, Awadhesh and Urvesh Yadav (brothers) and constables Chhatrapal Yadav and Sarvesh Yadav -- that they were not involved in the alleged rape and murder case.
In forensic statement analysis, experts examine the word choice, structure, and content of the suspects' statements as it is believed that while being deceitful, people use different words, phrases, structure, and content in their statements.
The polygraph test measures the biological parameters of a suspect as it is believed that they change when a person is being deceptive.
For psychological analysis, experts put suspects through a number of questions to ascertain whether or not the person is telling the truth.
The forensic examination results show that the statements of the five accused claiming they did not have any hand in the crime are correct.
Highly-placed sources made it clear that the reports of lie-detector tests done on the parents and family members of the two teenaged girls are yet to arrive. The two girls were allegedly raped and their bodies found hanging from a tree.
They said that although the results may not be admitted as evidence in court, the agency has taken note of the tests and will try to develop corroborative evidence from these.
They said there are a number of other forensic examination reports which are yet to come, including the DNA report from the Centre for DNA Fingerprinting and Diagnostics (CDFD) and the Forensic Science Laboratory in Gandhinagar, where the agency has sent items used by girls for identifying evidence.
The suspects' statements passing forensic scrutiny may bring about a complete change in the the way the case was being seen on the basis of caste lines.
The two teenaged girls, cousins aged 14 and 15 years, were allegedly gang-raped and murdered with their bodies found hanging from a mango tree a day after they went missing on May 27, in a village in the Ushait area of Badaun.
Uttar Pradesh government has come under criticism from the family of the victims who have alleged that it was shielding the suspects as they belonged to a particular community.
The case snowballed into a major controversy, prompting senior leaders from different parties, including Congress Vice President Rahul Gandhi, to visit the crime scene. A team of National Commission for Women (NCW) faulted the local police in the matter.
Although CBI is not saying anything as to the next course of action, it is believed that suspicion is now on the family members of the victims as it was found that there were deviations in their statements on the sequence of events which unfolded on the night of May 27, when the girls went missing.
The agency has put the family members and an eyewitness through the lie-detector test and the results are being examined by forensic experts at CFSL here.
The role of the family members is not above suspicion as two crucial items -- the cellphone and slippers of the elder sister -- were not immediately provided to CBI.
UP Director General of Police, AL Banerjee, had claimed that the rape of one of the victims was not confirmed and property could be one of the motives behind the crime. Banerjee had said that a lot of evidence could have been collected immediately after the incident but the local police had made no extra effort to find it