Pune: With 56 deaths in 2012 and 80 deaths in 2013 due to Malaria in the state, the vector-borne disease is still poses mortal danger to human beings. Though Pune has not recorded any death owing to the disease in last two years, medical experts of the city suggest low sanitation and unhygienic conditions in Pune is the main reason that Malaria rampant.
As it is mandatory that the PMC health department informs the state health department of the number of registered cases of Malaria, we have a proper records of malarial patients in the city. The number of Malarial patients are decreasing each year, with 80 patients registered and no deaths in 2012, and 47 cases with no deaths in 2013. So far only 3 cases have been registered till April this year. This year on World Malaria Day we aim to reduce the number of Malarial patients in the city." said Vaishali Jadhav, assistant health officer, PMC.
Although the numbers look optimistic in the city, WHO has themed this year's World Heath Day to be 'Vector-Borne Disease'. Following this the state and city health department are trying their best to fight the number of deaths and patients of malaria. "The Annual Parasite Index of the state has reduced to the ratio of 1 in 2000 suffering from malaria. Luckily, Pune is not a malaria-threatened area, but minimising number of patients is needed in every city and district of the state" said Pradeep Awate, state epidemiologist.
"Initially malaria was more prevalent during monsoons as the mosquitoes multiply in wet, damp and stagnated water sources. But now with increased urbanisation and construction activity leading to pockets of high-density of population, coupled with poor sanitation and infrastructure, it is seen round the year in cities like Pune. There are 250-300 cases registered on an average each year, but not all are serious cases," dr Atul Joshi said. He added that timely treatment and medicines is necessary to fight against Malaria along with awareness of sanitation and hygiene.