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Farmers' protest: Here's why farmers from Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh are protesting again

The Delhi police went into planning mode, declaring several diversions for Monday and Tuesday and putting bans on everything in the North East due to farmers protest.

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Farmers' groups have started their 'Delhi Chalo' march on Tuesday. Tear gas and water cannons were fired at farmers at the Shambhu border near Punjab and Haryana border on Tuesday. They gathered at the location trying to march on the national capital as part of their 'Delhi Chalo' call.

Meanwhile, a massive deployment of police and paramilitary personnel besides multi-layered barricading is in place to seal the national capital borders at Singhu, Tikri and Ghazipur to prevent the protesting farmers from entering the city during their march.

The Delhi police went into planning mode, declaring several diversions for Monday and Tuesday and putting bans on everything in the North East. They have also enforced Section 144 of the Criminal Procedure Code (CrPC) along the borders with Uttar Pradesh ahead of another farmers' agitation to prevent any untoward incidents and maintain law and order.

The Samyukta Kisan Morcha (Non-Political) and the Kisan Mazdoor Morcha announced a 'Delhi Chalo' march by over 200 farmers' unions on February 13 to pressure the Centre to accept several demands including a law on MSP.

A year-long protest against the three now-repeated agricultural regulations took place in 2020 at Singhu, Tikri, and Ghazipur, the border points to Delhi, with a large number of farmers participating, mostly from Punjab, Haryana, and Uttar Pradesh. The Farmers' Produce Trade and Commerce (promotion and Facilitation) Act, the Farmers' Empowerment and Protection Agreement of Price Assurance and Farm Services Act, and the Essential Commodities (amendment) Act were repealed in November 2021. 

What are farmers' demands? 

  1. Farmers are calling for the passage of legislation guaranteeing the Minimum Support Price (MSP) of all crops in compliance with the findings of the Swaminathan Commission report.
  2. A complete waiver of all debt for both labourers and farmers. 
  3. Reintroduce the Land Acquisition Act of 2013 nationwide with signed farmer consent and compensation guaranteed four times the collector rate. 
  4. Justice in Lakhimpur Kheri tragedy
  5. Withdrawal of cases against protesters involved in farmers' protest in 2020-21
  6. Exit the World Trade Organisation and forbid all free trade agreements
  7. Pensions for farmers and farm labourers
  8. Compensation including a job (for one family member) for families of farmers who lost their lives in previous agitation
  9. Repealing the 2020 Electricity Amendment Bill 
  10. Give employees Rs 700 per day under MGNREGA in exchange for 200 workdays per year in a farming-related capacity
  11. National Commission for Spices: Formation of the commission for different spices.
  12. Protection of rights of indigenous people: Protection of land, forests and water sources belonging to tribal communities
  13. Improving seed quality by penalising companies which produce fake seeds, pesticides and fertilisers.
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