Mar 1, 2024, 03:39 PM IST

8 cruelest kings of medieval India 

Mahipal Chouhan

Alauddin Khilji: Known for his military conquests and administrative reforms, Alauddin Khilji is also depicted as ruthless in his pursuit of power. He imposed severe taxation policies, conducted brutal campaigns, and is said to have been particularly harsh towards conquered populations.

Muhammad bin Tughluq: Muhammad bin Tughluq's reign is marked by his ambitious but often failed policies, including the ill-fated decision to shift the capital from Delhi to Daulatabad. His administration was characterized by harsh punishments and excessive taxation, leading to discontent among his subjects.

Babur: As the founder of the Mughal Empire in India, Babur is known for his military conquests and establishment of a powerful dynasty. However, his campaigns were marked by brutality, including the massacre of civilians in the Battle of Khanwa.

Mahmud of Ghazni: While Mahmud of Ghazni is celebrated for his military expeditions and patronage of art and literature, he is also remembered for the brutality of his campaigns, especially towards Hindu temples in India. He conducted several raids on wealthy temples, looting treasures and destroying religious sites.

Feroz Shah Tughlaq: Feroz Shah Tughlaq is often portrayed as a cruel and oppressive ruler. Despite his attempts at welfare measures, his reign was marked by excessive taxation, forced labor, and harsh punishments for dissenters.

Balban: Balban, a powerful Sultan of the Delhi Sultanate, is known for his strict and authoritarian rule. He implemented a system of espionage and state surveillance to suppress dissent, and his methods of punishment were notoriously harsh.

Aurangzeb: Aurangzeb, one of the most controversial Mughal emperors, expanded the empire to its greatest territorial extent but is also remembered for his religious intolerance and persecution of non-Muslims. He imposed jizya (tax on non-Muslims) and destroyed several Hindu temples, earning a reputation for cruelty among his subjects.

This information is not DNA's opinion but obtained from media reports