Former US President George H.W. Bush showed courage in breaking his "read my lips: no new taxes" campaign pledge to broker a 1990 budget compromise that may have cost him re-election two years later, the John F Kennedy Library Foundation said on Sunday.
The organisation honored the 41st US president with its 2014 Profile in Courage Award, praising the Republican leader's "decision to put country above party and political prospects" in the deal with congressional Democrats.
"America's gain was President Bush's loss," Jack Schlossberg, grandson of former president John F Kennedy and a member of the award committee, said during a ceremony at the library in Boston.
Bush did not attend the event. Granddaughter Lauren Bush Lauren, niece of former president George W Bush, accepted the award on her grandfather's behalf.
"Candidly speaking, my grandfather did not want to raise taxes in 1990," she said. "But in our constitutional system of governance, Congress also gets a say – and more than that, he felt he owed the American people action and results."
The foundation also honored Paul W Bridges, a former Georgia mayor, as co-recipient of the award for putting his mayoral career on the line to oppose a 2011 immigration bill aimed at pushing undocumented immigrants out of his state.
The awards, presented during the mid-term election season, appeared to offer a subtle critique of sitting congressional Republicans, who last fall forced a budget impasse and a 16-day government shutdown to avoid funding President Barack Obama's healthcare bill.
"We celebrate today courage in a moment of profound change and challenge in a country gripped by partisan gridlock and inaction," Schlossberg said.
In September 1990, two years into George HW Bush's first term, the United States was saddled with a $200 billion budget deficit. Months of partisan wrangling over possible tax increases and spending cuts had ended in a stalemate.
Despite the potential political backlash, Bush announced a compromise with congressional Democrats that would cut $500 billion from the deficit in five years, in part by raising 'luxury taxes' on items including yachts and pricey cars, among other tax hikes.
"The time for politics and posturing is over," Bush said in an October 1990 speech. "The time to come together is now."
The budget passed, but Bush's concession on a tax increase rankled members of his party and stood at odds with his "no new taxes" campaign promise. He lost re-election to Democrat Bill Clinton in 1992.
Bush thanked the foundation for the award in a statement read by his granddaughter. He joked he had skipped the event due to suspicions that broccoli might be served, a nod to his infamous ban on the vegetable he disliked from Air Force One.