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Guardian, Washington Post share Pulitzer Prize for NSA spying coverage

Tuesday, 15 April 2014 - 8:32am IST | Place: NEW YORK | Agency: AFP

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The Guardian and the Washington Post shared a Pulitzer Prize on Monday for reporting on leaks from former National Security Agency (NSA) contractor Edward Snowden that revealed a global secret surveillance network monitoring millions of Americans and foreigners.

The celebrated prizes, awarded by Columbia University, are the most respected in United States journalism and can bring badly needed attention and recognition to newspapers and websites suffering from economic pressures and budget constraints.

The British and American newspapers won the award for public service journalism handed out by the Pulitzer committee at Columbia University in New York for sparking debate on secretive NSA programs. The awards evoked a similar situation in 1972 when The New York Times was recognised for publication of The Pentagon Papers, leaking details of United States political and military involvement in Vietnam.

Reporting on the leaks not only sparked international debate over the limits of government surveillance but prompted US President Barack Obama to introduce curbs on the NSA's spying powers.​

The US unit of the British newspaper was honored for "helping through aggressive reporting to spark a debate about the relationship between the government and the public over issues of security and privacy", the committee said. It recognised The Post for its "authoritative and insightful reports that helped the public understand how the (NSA) disclosures fit into the larger framework of national security."

The shared award went to the two newspapers credited with breaking the news about NSA surveillance programs, without specifically citing the journalists involved. Both newspapers relied on documents leaked by Snowden, a fugitive former NSA contractor who has been granted temporary asylum in Russia and is being sought for prosecution in the United States. Russia granted Snowden temporary asylum last year after the US Justice Department charged him with violating the Espionage Act.​

The reporters who played key roles in the story included Glenn Greenwald, who has since left the Guardian, and colleague Ewen MacAskill. Barton Gellman, who already has two Pulitzers, was the writer of most of the Washington Post reports.

Laura Poitras, a documentary filmmaker who was the point of contact for Snowden, had the unusual distinction of sharing bylines in both the Guardian and the Post on the topic.

'Not focused on Snowden'

In arguably the most influential story of the decade, The Guardian and Post broke sensational ground by exposing how the US government monitors the data of millions.

The NSA leaks embarrassed the government, strained relations with allies angered that Americans had been tapping into the private phone calls of leaders and sparked a debate within the United States on the merits and morality of mass surveillance.

Sig Gissler, administrator of the Pulitzer Prizes since 2002, said the choice was complex and that the prize was "really not focused on Mr Snowden". He said the two newspapers "helped stimulate this very important discussion about the balance between privacy and security and that discussion is still going on".

Snowden, in a statement released to The Guardian, said the Pulitzer decision "is a vindication for everyone who believes that the public has a role in government".

The Guardian said: "We're extremely proud and gratified to have been honored by the Pulitzer board. It's been an intense, exhaustive and sometimes chilling year working on this story and we're grateful for the acknowledgment by our peers that the revelations made by Edward Snowden and the work by the journalists involved represent a high achievement in public service."

Post executive editor Martin Baron said the reporting exposed a national policy "with profound implications for American citizens' constitutional rights" and the rights of individuals around the world.

Republican congressman Peter King, a member of the House intelligence committee, meanwhile expressed his disapproval on Twitter, saying: "Awarding the Pulitzer to Snowden enablers is a disgrace."

Boston Globe, NY Times also win

Among the other Pulitzers, The Boston Globe staff won the breaking news award "for its exhaustive and empathetic coverage of the Boston Marathon bombings and the ensuing manhunt that enveloped the city, using photography and a range of digital tools to capture the full impact of the tragedy".

The New York Times won awards for breaking news photography and feature photography.

Tyler Hicks was recognised in the breaking news category "for his compelling pictures that showed skill and bravery in documenting the unfolding terrorist attack at Westgate mall in Kenya," the committee said.

Josh Haner won the prize for feature photography for a photo essay on a Boston Marathon bomb blast victim who lost most of both legs.

The Pulitzer for investigative reporting went to Chris Hamby of The Center for Public Integrity "for his reports on how some lawyers and doctors rigged a system to deny benefits to coal miners stricken with black lung disease, resulting in remedial legislative efforts".

A second Pulitzer went to The Washington Post and Eli Saslow for explanatory journalism for reporting on the prevalence of food stamps in post-recession America.

Jason Szep and Andrew Marshall of Reuters won the Pulitzer for international reporting for coverage of the Rohingya, a Muslim minority in Myanmar, who in their efforts to flee the country often fall into the hands of brutal human-trafficking networks.

"For two years, Reuters reporters have tirelessly investigated terrible human-rights abuses in a forgotten corner of the Muslim world, bringing the international dimensions of the oppressed Rohingya of Myanmar to global attention," Stephen Adler, Reuters editor-in-chief, said in a statement.

Szep, from Washington, said: "What we were writing about was under-reported. I hope through this, there is greater international attention to the risks and presence of religious violence in Myanmar."

Reuters was also a finalist in the investigative reporting category for a series by Megan Twohey, which exposed the  underground market for adopted children. Her work won praise for "triggering governmental action to curb the practice" of exchanging unwanted kids online.

The fiction award went to Donna Tartt for her novel "The Goldfinch".

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