An al Qaeda affiliate based in Iraq and Syria has vowed to crush rebel groups fighting it and to target members loyal to the Syrian National Coalition, the internationally recognised opposition trying to overthrow President Bashar al-Assad.
The audio statement from the spokesman of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant was issued late on Tuesday, hours after the head of the al Qaeda branch in Syria, the Nusra Front, called for a truce to halt five days of heavy rebel infighting. The clashes have pitted many rebel groups in Syria, including Islamist forces, against ISIL and have been the bloodiest rebel-on-rebel violence since the civil war in Syria began in the first half of 2011. "Crush them completely and kill the conspiracy in its cradle," said the group's spokesman, known as Abu Mohammed al-Adnani.
While both the Nusra Front and ISIL have roots in the global al Qaeda network and welcome foreign militants, the Nusra Front has focused its goals on toppling Assad instead of creating an Islamic state, which has been the main aim of ISIL. Nusra forces have also cooperated more with other rebel groups and largely avoided the power struggles that ISIL has faced since wresting control of many opposition-held areas from other groups. ISIL is the restructured al Qaeda branch of Iraq, but its spread into Syria is opposed by al Qaeda's central leadership, which has recognised the Nusra Front instead.
Adnani said fellow Islamists from the Sunni Muslim sect had been dragged into a conspiracy against it. "Those who are from battalions raising the flags of Islam, who tricked you? Who implicated you and made you sign to fight against the mujahideen (holy warriors)?" Rebel groups last week launched what appeared to be a series of coordinated strikes against ISIL in northern and eastern Syria after months of increasing tensions with the group, which has alienated many Syrians in rebel-held regions. The fighting was endorsed by the opposition's mainstream National Council, which is backed by Western and Gulf states.
Adnani also told ISIL fighters to "pluck the heads" of any National Coalition leaders or rebel groups tied to them. "Kill them wherever you find them and without dignity," he said. "They launched this war against us and started it ... Therefore anyone who is a member of this entity is a legitimate target for us wherever he may be, unless he declares his innocence from this sect in public and renounces his fight against the mujahideen." It was impossible to verify the authenticity of the statement, but it was widely cited on Islamist social networks on the Internet. More than 274 people have been killed in the rebel infighting since Friday, according to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, an opposition monitoring group.