Day 1 of the fifth and final Ashes Test saw Australian captain Michael Clarke win the toss and opt to bat at the Oval.
England who have won the series and are 3-0 up after four matches so far, handed test debuts to all-rounder Chris Woakes and 24-year-old left-arm spinner Simon Kerrigan.
Woakes replaced the injured all-rounder Tim Bresnan and Kerrigan was preferred to out-of-form batsman Jonny Bairstow.
Australia chose to bring in all-rounder James Faulkner and fast bowler Mitchell Starc for batsman Usman Khawaja and seamer Jackson Bird in this match as they seek to get on the board.
The Australian coach Darren Lehman warned his team that the batsmen were playing for their careers and Shane Watson seemed to have taken note. Watson who was chosen to replace Khawaja at No3 launched a brutal assault on England's bowlers.
Watson made his first 100 in almost three years with a a century stand between him and Chris Rogers. David Warner fell early for six and then Rogers also was out for 21, Michael Clarke for 7 and with three overs left in the day Watson too fell for 176.
Australia was forced to send Peter Siddle as night watchman as they ended the day on a 300 plus score for the loss of 4 wickets.