A new super-Earth has been discovered in the habitable zone, where liquid water and a stable atmosphere could reside, around the nearby star HD 40307.
It is one of three new super-Earths found around the star that has three other low-mass planets orbiting it
HD 40307 is a dwarf star that is somewhat smaller and less luminous than the Sun that is about 42 light years away (12.88 parsecs).
The previously discovered planets around it are called hot super-Earths because they orbit too close to the star to support life
The international team, including Carnegie co-author Paul Butler, was led by Mikko Tuomi of the University of Hertfordshire and Guillem Anglada-Escude of the University of Gottingen.
The researchers used newly developed software that is able to process the signals more thoroughly and thereby reveal the presence of the three additional planets.
The team reanalyzed spectra taken with the HARPS spectrograph through the European Southern Observatory public archive
The most interesting of the new planets is in the outermost orbit from the star, a distance that is similar to the distance between the Earth and our Sun. Its mass is at least seven times the mass of the Earth.
The team said the planet is likely to be rotating on its axis while in orbit, possibly creating a day/night cycle and an Earth-like environment
“The star HD 40307 is a perfectly quiet old dwarf star, so there is no reason why such a planet could not sustain an Earth-like climate,” Anglada-Escude said.
The research will be published in Astronomy and Astrophysics and posted online at arxiv.org/archive/astro-ph.