Maharashtra has the highest number of slums in urban India, followed by Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal.
A National Sample Survey Office report’s statistics revealed that 23% (7,723) of the total slums in urban India (33,510) are in Maharashtra; Andhra Pradesh has 13.5% and West Bengal 12%. The ministry of statistics and programme implementation has released the key indicators of urban slums in India, generated from the data collected in its 69th round survey from July 2012 to December 2012. The last survey was conducted as part of the 65th round (July 2008-June 2009).
Of the 19,749 non-notified slums estimated to exist in urban India, Maharashtra accounted for about 29% (5,769), West Bengal about 14% (2,684) and Gujarat about 10% (2,058). Of an estimated 13,761 notified slums in urban India, Andhra Pradesh has about 23%, Maharashtra about 14% and Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal and Tamil Nadu about 9% each.
The number of slums and slum-dwelling households and the proportion of slums having access to specific facilities known to be absent in many slums have been estimated from the data for states and all of India.
Even the number of households in every slum pocket in Maharashtra is much higher than the other states as well as the all-India average. In Maharashtra, there are 433 households in every slum pocket, while the national average is 263. As many as 38% of slum households of urban India were estimated to be in Maharashtra and 18% in Andhra Pradesh. An estimated 8.8 million households lived in urban slums, about 5.6 million in notified and 3.2 million in non-notified slums.
In about 60% of all slums, the majority of houses were pucca structures. The proportion of such slums was 85% among notified slums but only 42% in non-notified. At the all-India level, 71% of all slums had tap as a major source of drinking water; the figure for the same for notified and non-notified slums was 82% and 64%, respectively.