Grim economic conditions at home and a weak rupee saw the number of students flocking to the US for further studies drop for the second consecutive year even as globally the number has gone up. Especially, the number of Chinese students going to the US rose by a whopping 23%.
In 2011-12, 1,00,270 students from India are studying in the US, a drop of 3.5% from 1,03,895 in 2010-11, which itself was down by 1% compared to 2009-10, said Institute of International Education (IIE), which released the ‘Open Doors’ report. The institute is supported by the US department of state’s bureau of educational and cultural affairs.
According to the report, as against 1,57,558 in 2010-11, 1,94,409 students from China went to the US in 2011-12. Number of international students in the US in this academic year is 7,64,495.
A year before it was 7,23,277, which means an increase of 5.7%.
Till a few years ago, India sent the maximum number of students to the US. In 2009-10, China became the top sender and retains that position. India still sends the second most international students to US, accounting for almost 13.1% of the total international students.
LG Burunge, HoD of economics, University of Mumbai, says, “Huge rupee depreciation this year made study abroad a costly affair. Attacks on Indian students in the US could be another reason.”
Karan Gupta, educational consultant, says, “Though the economic growth was not very impressive back home, we have maintained the trend of sending students to the US. We have reached a saturation point. Number of students from China have increased as they have a high growth rate.”
Among top ten countries sending students to the United States, drop in enrollment was seen from South Korea, Canada, Taiwan, Japan and Turkey while Saudi Arabia, Mexico and Vietnam sent bigger contingents.
13% Opt for undergraduate courses
58.9% Go for graduate courses
1.5% Pursue other courses
26.7% Choose optional practical training