The President is the first citizen of the nation and the role is quite challenging with vast amount of duties and responsibilities that are tied to the role.
The illustrious path, the supreme position and key responsibilities make the president of a nation, a key figure in international politics as well.
The first presidential office was set up on 26th January 1950 under article 52 of Indian penal code. Hence, as a mark of tribute and remembrance of the responsibility, the president addresses the nation on key-points and explains out the ideals and goals for the nation.
Politically, though the president does not interfere in daily functioning of politics in the country (the Chief Ministers and Prime Minister are responsible and make all the key administrational decisions) , he has the right to dissolve any Lok Sabha meeting and also call for both the houses of the parliament and hold discussions on important issues.
Some key duties are,
-Inauguration of Parliament by addressing general elections and outlining new policies of the government for any fiscal year.
-Approval of all the bills passed by Parliament and formation of laws.
Example, if section 377 goes for approval from both the houses of the parliament and the president and both the houses approve it, it becomes the law of the land.
-In case of hung parliament like the assembly elections where none of the parties in Delhi gained majority, the presidential rule prevails unless two parties are willing to form a coalition government. That’s how AAP was formed with Congressional support.
-The President will appoint the Prime Minister and the other members of the Council of Ministers, distributing portfolios to them on the advice of the Prime Minister.
-The president can declare three types of emergencies such as national, state or financial. Our former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was able to pass national emergency using article 356 of the constitution which was an exception to the president’s rule.
-Also, The President is the Commander in Chief and the Supreme Commander of the Indian Armed Forces.
-The President can declare war or conclude a war, subject to the approval of parliament under the decision of the Council of the three Armed Forces Chief staffs, Military Secretary and President's Officer.
-The President of India has powers to pardon or reduce sentence to convicts which us called clemency powers.
-The Presidents rule and powers are usually considered a mere rubber stamp approval in many cases but also depends on the person holding the power to make sensible and constructive use of power.
Below is the list of top five speeches by last five presidents that you must know: