Issuing notice to Goa Police, a bench headed by chief justice P Sathasivam sought their reply within four weeks.
The bench also rejected his counsel Harish Salve's arguments that if his client was granted bail, he would not come to Delhi where the complainant and witnesses stay.
The apex court said it would not grant any interim order without hearing the prosecution.
50-year-old Tejpal approached the top court challenging the March 14 verdict of the Goa bench of the Bombay high court which had rejected his bail plea.
Tejpal, presently lodged at Sada sub-jail in Goa's Vasco town, has been charge sheeted for allegedly raping, sexually harassing and outraging the modesty of a junior colleague during an event held at a hotel in Goa in November last year.
In his bail plea, Tejpal said that there were 152 prosecution witnesses who have to be cross-examined by the court, due to which the trial is likely to get prolonged further.
Tejpal has been charge sheeted under sections 354, 354-A (sexual harassment), 341 and 342 (wrongful restrain), 376 (rape), 376(2)(f) (being a person in a position of trust or authority towards the woman and rapes her) and 376 (2)(k) (being in a position of control or dominance over a woman and rapes her) of the IPC.