The BSF personnel, deployed in Dobasipara in Tura complained of severe pain in the abdomen just after having their breakfast, they said.
Of the 130, around 80 were rushed to a nearby mission hospital while the rest were admitted to a government civil hospital and other private hospitals in Tura, the officials said.
The doctors suspected the ailments were caused by food poisoning. The Dobasipara unit is the sector headquarters of the BSF in Garo Hills region.
The BSF authorities said they have asked for an expert team to investigate the matter.
A team from the Guwahati Frontier headquarters of the border guards will arrive in Tura tomorrow to investigate into the matter, Abhimanyu Singh, a senior BSF official in charge of the team, told PTI.
"We are currently reviewing the incident and are collecting the samples of food provided to the jawans," he said.
The official said conditions of the affected personnel are not critical but they are under close observation.