The survey conducted by a diagnostic centre involved in preventive health care has found that obesity has given rise to diabetes cases in the city. The report, which is based on people who underwent preventive healthcare check-ups between January 2013 and February 2014, said that approximately 35-40% of the population from the younger and early middle age group was found to be diabetic. The survey found people as young as 30 years with heart blockage. Obesity-related conditions like heart disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes are some of the leading causes of preventable death.
Amol Naikawadi, joint managing director of Indus Health Plus, said, "Wrong eating habits and a shift to junk food has led to obesity amongst Mumbaikars. There is a strong bend towards sedentary lifestyle off late which has led to increase in lifestyle diseases."
Dr Jatin Kothari, consulting nephrologist, PD Hinduja hospital, said, "In the last few years, there has been rapid increase in people with diabetes getting kidney problems. Surprisingly, we are getting many young people with diabetes and kidney problems. It is type II diabetes which is a problem compared to type I diabetes. At least 50 per cent of the patients requiring dialysis or transplant are diabetics."
He added that early diagnosis of type II diabetes and proper lifestyle can help bring down the disease figures. "Detection of diabetes type II is very late. Also lifestyle, stress levels, dietary habits are leading to high number of diabetes cases. A proper health care can bring down this rising number of diabetes type II. Also if a person gets diabetes, it is very important for him to keep it in control. People with diabetes should be screened regularly for kidney disease," said Dr Kothari.
According to WHO's Department of Health Statistics and Informatics, by 2030, non-communicable diseases (NCD's) are expected to cause more than three-fourths of all deaths across nations. In India, lifestyle diseases like cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and cancer are increasing at a rapid pace and are expected to cost India income losses of about $236 billion by 2015. India alone accounts for 17% of global deaths due to NCDs and 24% of disability adjusted life years.