While addressing a motley crowd of youngsters recently, Dr Kalam gave examples of the six famous inventors, who had dared to follow their imagination despite huge hurdles in their path. He first mentioned Thomas Edison —the man who invented the light bulb. Edison went to school only for three months as he was poor at concentrating in the class. Since his teacher called him the "rotten one" his mother never sent him back to school. "A home schooled boy electrified the whole of New york," commented Dr Kalam.
Dr. Kalam mentioned the Wright Brothers next. Proving the lord of the Royal Society wrong, the duo went on to invent aircrafts in 1885. Scientists back then had concluded that nothing heavier than air can fly above the ground, but with their invention the Wright brothers proved them all wrong. Alexander Graham Bell did not have a lab to do his research work. Yet he is the man who invented the telephone in 1876—today's most powerful media, we all carry around in our pockets, Dr. Kalam said. Bell tested his concept one day. While in a market he proved that people could communicate over a distance of 100 yards. "His mind was his lab in which he created the idea of communicating at a distance," said Dr Kalam.
Dr. CV Raman, the Indian physicist travelled from Kolkata to London and in 1930 earned the Nobel Prize for Physics. He worked hard for seven years to discover the concept of scattering of light and its traversing a transparent material.
Srinivasa Ramanujan failed in all subjects except Math in his class X exam. Bewildered by his genius, the teacher gave him a score of 120/100, however, the education authorities weren't as impressed and denied him admission to any college in Madras. The lack of formal training in Math, didn't bother the then 17-year old prodigy, who is known for his work on mathematical analysis, number theory, infinite series, and continued fractions. Impressed with his skills, professor GH Hardy of Cambridge university, UK mentored the young Ramanujan.
Madam Marie Curie: The first lady of the science world to win not one but two Nobel Prizes. One for inventing radium and polonium the other for her work in the field of the radiation phenomena.