Logical Reasoning (-) questions in CAT test the ability to think and coherence in the flow of ideas of an aspirant. Reasoning is something that one needs to apply in all practical situations, and thus it’s hardly a surprise that CAT checks the aspirants’ ability to think and reason by throwing these questions at them.
In CAT, LR questions generally appear in Section-2 of the paper in the form of a paragraph followed by a set of questions. The questions are jumbled up with the Verbal Ability (VA) questions. The most probable pattern of Section-2 is 9 LR questions clubbed with 21 questions of VA; so LR forms around 30% of the section. It goes without saying that one has to master LR in order to perform well in the section. In fact, it can be said based on the experience of last two CATs that one cannot do well in Section-2 without getting almost everything right in LR. The good thing is that most of the LR questions in recent CATs have been reported by the students to be quite doable.
The questions in LR can broadly be categorised into the following types: linear arrangements, circular arrangements, blood relations, sports events, sets based on grouping and patterns, mapping and routes, and miscellaneous sets based on common sense. One can excel in cracking LR by keeping a few basic things in mind:
Don’t assume any information that isn’t mentioned in the question
Read everything very carefully
Draw inferences and write them down
Pay special attention to keywords like ‘at least’, ‘at most’, ‘all’, ‘some’, ‘none’, etc.; and, last but not the least,
Do a lot of practice to improve your speed
On the exam day, one must try to figure out the easier sets and attempt them first before moving on to the relatively complex ones. Smart preparation, coupled with hard-work, is bound to pay rich dividends.