## Logical Reasoning

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# Logical Reasoning

Tuesday, Oct 8, 2013, 9:41 IST | Place: Mumbai | Agency: DNA

As students approach the CAT season, dnaofeducation feels their racing heartbeats and palpable stress levels. As you prepare for the difficult management test, to hand hold you we bring you the weekly gyan column. Watch out for this space every week. In case you have any queries write to us at education@dnaindia.net with CAT query in the subject line.

Logical Reasoning (-) questions in CAT test the ability to think and coherence in the flow of ideas of an aspirant. Reasoning is something that one needs to apply in all practical situations, and thus it’s hardly a surprise that CAT checks the aspirants’ ability to think and reason by throwing these questions at them.

In CAT, LR questions generally appear in Section-2 of the paper in the form of a paragraph followed by a set of questions. The questions are jumbled up with the Verbal Ability (VA) questions. The most probable pattern of Section-2 is 9 LR questions clubbed with 21 questions of VA; so LR forms around 30% of the section. It goes without saying that one has to master LR in order to perform well in the section. In fact, it can be said based on the experience of last two CATs that one cannot do well in Section-2 without getting almost everything right in LR. The good thing is that most of the LR questions in recent CATs have been reported by the students to be quite doable.

The questions in LR can broadly be categorised into the following types: linear arrangements, circular arrangements, blood relations, sports events, sets based on grouping and patterns, mapping and routes, and miscellaneous sets based on common sense. One can excel in cracking LR by keeping a few basic things in mind:

Don’t assume any information that isn’t mentioned in the question

Read everything very carefully

Draw inferences and write them down

Pay special attention to keywords like ‘at least’, ‘at most’, ‘all’, ‘some’, ‘none’, etc.; and, last but not the least,

Do a lot of practice to improve your speed

On the exam day, one must try to figure out the easier sets and attempt them first before moving on to the relatively complex ones. Smart preparation, coupled with hard-work, is bound to pay rich dividends.

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